By Marcel Duchamp
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (France)
"Torture - morte" ("Still torture"; painted plaster and synthetic flies, paper, wood, glass; dimensions 29,5 x 13,4 x 10,3 centimeters) was realized in 1959.
Born on July 28, 1887 in Blainville (France), Duchamp began to paint in 1908, and in 1912 he realized his famous "Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2" in a style that could resemble a dynamic version of Cubism. That masterpiece is now part of the Philadelphia Museum of Art collection. He had a strong influence on the 20th-century avant-garde art - Surrealism, Dada, Pop Art - and his creations include the so-called "ready-made art" consisting of everyday objects like his famous signed and titled urinal and the "kinetic art". In 1915 he moved to New York City, and in 1955 he became an American citizen. Marcel Duchamp died in Paris on October 1, 1968.